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Corfu or Kerkyra in Greek is a Greek island located in the Ionian Sea. It is the second largest of the Ionian IslandsIts northern part lies off the coast of Sarandë, Albania, from which it is separated by straits varying in breadth from 3 to 23 km (2 to 15 mi), including one Corfu Mapnear ancient Butrint, while its southern part lies off the coast of Thesprotia, Greece.

The island is part of the Corfu Prefecture. It includes twelve of the sixteen municipalities or communes in the prefecture and communities of the separate islands EreikoussaMathrakiOthonoi and Municipality of Paxi.

The Municipality of Corfu is the prinicipal town of the island, which is also named Corfu. The city of Corfu is home for the Ionian University, which was established in 1984.

Historically, Corfu is connected to Greece from the beginning of Greek mythology. Its Greek name, Kerkyra or Korkyra, is related to two powerful water symbols: Poseidon, god of the sea, and Asopos, an important Greek mainland river. According to myth, Poseidon fell in love with the beautiful nymph Korkyra, daughter of Asopus and river nymph Metope, and abducted her, as was the custom among gods of the era's myths. Zeus was a serial offender.

Liston square
Port of Paxi

Poseidon brought Metope to the hitherto unnamed island and, in marital bliss, offered her name to the place: Korkyra, which gradually evolved to Kerkyra (Doric). Together, they had a child they called Phaiax, after whom the inhabitants of the island were named: Phaiakes. This term was transliterated via Latin to Phaeacians. The island's history is laden with battles and conquests, indicative of Corfu's turbulent position in a historical vortex lasting until the modern period.

In 2007, the city's old town was designated for the UNESCO World Heritage List, following a recommendation by the International Council on Monuments and Sites.

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